ROLE ALLOCATION
BULLYING :

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             Always one individual

VICTIM

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This could be a maximum of three people. They are the ones who perform and/or initiate the bullying attacks.

PERPETRATOR/
BULLY

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Multiple classmates who participate in the attacks in a changing composition. Not infrequent, former bullying victims can be found in this group as well.

FOLLOWERS

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They are not actively involved, but laugh at the victim or root for the offenders or followers. Sometimes they do not properly perceive it as a bullying situation and even tend to misjudge it. (“It's all in good fun! “)

REINFORCER

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First they try to protect the victim, but hey often tend to withdraw in fear of becoming a victim themselves.

DEFENDERS

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This includes classmates who passively observe the event and are afraid themselves of becoming victims, and therefore remain silent.

OUTSIDERS